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Global health
SP4-40 A systematic review of climate change' impact and infectious disease
  1. F F Jahani,
  2. E Ahmadnezhad
  1. Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Backgroumd Biological and ecological processes of climate changes could be influence infectious disease transmission. The aim of this systematic review was evaluated the influence of climatic factors on infectious disease.

Methods Systematic searches were conducted via a range of related databases such as Pubmed, Medline, EBSCO and ISI Web of Knowledge. Searches focused upon papers published in English between 1995 and 2010. Retrieved papers were studied by the authors in order to inform the topic and theme. The following terms were used for searching: Climate Change, infectious disease, communicable disease, malaria, eltor, Lishmania, time series and indirect pathway.

Results A total of 290 publications were retrieved, of which 150 met the inclusion criteria. There were classified and are discussed according to their focus on disease classification relevant to climate/health relationships.

Conclusion Many studies showed seasonal fluctuations in infectious disease but few of them have documented long-term trends in climatic associations. There were a causal relationship between climate change and vector born and water born diseases. For preventive policies the epidemiological data can be shared with policy makers.

  • Climate change
  • infectiouse disease
  • health

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