Introduction HIV/AIDS in Ecuador is a concentrated epidemic (<1% in the general population and >5% in high risk groups). The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in the period 2000–2009.
Methods We conducted a descriptive study using secondary data provided by the National HIV/AIDS Program in Ecuador for the period 2000–2009. The analyses were performed in Epi Info 3.5.2.
Results The general population prevalence of HIV was 0.14% in the period 2000–2009. In this period there were 5791 AIDS cases and 13 567 HIV cases. The incidence rate of HIV/AIDS increased from 5.23 per 100 000 inhabitants in 2000 to 38.35 per 100 000 in 2009. During this period, the mortality rate was 5.03 per 100 000 inhabitants. In 2009, the HIV prevalence among MSM (men who have sex with men) was 19%, among sex workers 3.2%, and among pregnant women 0.18%.
Conclusion The prevalence of HIV in the general population is low. The results also show an increasing incidence rate of HIV/AIDS in the period 2000–2009. The mortality rate from HIV was low in relation to the morality rate in Central and South America (14.5 per 100 000 inhabitants) for the same period. In MSM, the prevalence of HIV was more than 5% meeting the criteria of concentrated.