Introduction Many disorders of the skin, mucous membranes, throat, ears and nostrils can be detected simply by visual examination doctor. The telltale characteristics include size, shape, colour and location of the anomaly. Any change of function or appearance can lead to important consequences for physical and mental health.
Objectives This research aims to identify the existence of medical and clinical changes related to various aspects, verifying the presence or absence of abnormalities, as well as the frequency of these.
Methods This study was done with students of the school children Francisco Melo of the neighbourhood Moacir Andrade and with children of the neighbourhood Santa Lucia, both in Maceió-AL, all assisted by Extension Project Santa Lucia/Tabuleiro Novo (PESLUTAN).
Results We analysed 88 children, of whom 45.5% were female. As for colour of skin and mucous membranes most were normal (86.4%), only 1.1% it was hipercor and 12.5% pale. Of the total, 21.6% were using some kind of medication, had no physical defect, 14.8% had an umbilical hernia, 30.7% had mycosis, 11.4% were observed warts, 6.8% had oropharyngeal hyperaemia and 5.7% had hypertrophic tonsils. Regarding changes in the nasal cavity, 7.9% had turbinate hypertrophy, hyperaemia were 5.7% and 5.7% had nasal secretions. And as for normal hearing, 5.7% had abnormal hearing, 2.3% had otitis and 1.1% with otalgia.
Conclusion The results were quite impressive showing little change medical clinics, except only for fungal infections which accounted for 30%, showing a distance of information about the personal hygiene of children.