Article Text

PDF

Epidemiology and policy
SP3-60 Older people's oral health evaluation and their interference in depression symptoms
  1. M V de Lima Saintrai1,
  2. A V P Guimarães1,
  3. V A Honório1,
  4. P C de Almeida1
  1. 1Universidade de Fortaleza, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil
  2. 2Universidade Estadual do ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil

Abstract

Introduction Population's ageing brings problems that confront health systems.

Objective Evaluate the oral health of elderly patients and their interference in depression symptoms.

Methodology Quantitative research applied for elderly of Reference Centers for Social Welfare in Fortaleza. Applied: Geriatric Depression Scale and an identification and epidemiological survey questionnaire. Software SPSS, version 15, computed the data.

Results 150 patients between 60 and 91 years old (mean 69.37 and SD ±7169) participated. Most patients were women, white race, widowhood, low educational level and family income. 54% was considered reasonable general health, 14.7% poor and 51.3% the same condition as last year. 66% were edentulous. Highlighted problems: tartar, inflamed gums, cavities, residual root, soft tissue injuries, prosthesis needs. Last year, only 20% visited the dentist. Main cited diseases: vision, hypertension, hearing, osteoporosis, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, rheumatism and cholesterol. 10.7% were smokers and 69.3% used drugs. Symptoms of mild and severe depression were detected. Statistical association verified among depression symptoms with: perceived general health (p=0.003), osteoporosis (p=0.007). Depression and oral health: smoking (p=0.040), dry mouth (p=0.001), burning mouth (p=0.055), pain in the mouth (p=0.009), swelling of the mouth (p=0.001) and using prosthesis (p=0.005).

Conclusion Older people's oral health is poor and most show depressive symptoms. The consequences of teeth condition were significant with depressive problems, providing public health burden that must be considered by public policy.

  • Elderly
  • oral health
  • depression

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.