Article Text


Epidemiology and policy
SP3-27 Race and access to prenatal care in Brazil
  1. R Guimarães1,
  2. G Marinho2,
  3. S Junior2,
  4. L Santos2,
  5. T Pinheiro2,
  6. P Herculano2
  1. 1Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Institute of Studies in Public Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  2. 2Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Objective To measure the correlation of race/ethnicity in Brazil with coverage of prenatal consultations, taking into account the races: white, brown and black.

Materials and Methods This is an ecological descriptive study whose premise is that there is a correlation between the ethnic composition of population and quantitative coverage of antenatal care of pregnant women in the population of Brazil. The data were analysed using the coefficient of determination (R2) and a linear trendline for the correlation. We estimated the data of the population white, black and brown, and eventually, joining the black and mulatto population, all in proportion.

Results The outcome of the graphs showed a positive correlation between coverage of adequate prenatal and increase the proportion of white population and a similar behaviour with respect to blacks. However, the mixed population to be assessed in that aspect, showed a negative correlation. By joining the black and brown has a negative correlation, however.

Conclusion It was clear how far in Brazil there are racial and socioeconomic inequalities, which play an important role in the right of access to population health.

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