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Epidemiology and policy
SP3-14 The effect of older education on knowledge about healthy lifestyles: a randomised controlled trial
  1. M Taheri,
  2. A Amani,
  3. R Zahiri,
  4. M Mohammadi
  1. Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

Abstract

Methods This quasi-experimental study was performed in ten randomly selected villages (intervention n=5, control n=5) in rural Arak, Iran during 1389/2–1389/5. The healthy lifestyles were assessed using a multi-dimensional instrument designed for elderly persons. A self-designed questionnaire assessing the aims of the study (approved by a number of academic members) was also used. The intervention included: physical activity, advice on healthy food and other aspects of health lifestyle management. The aforementioned questionnaires were completed and the educational intervention actioned 3 month later. After the intervention data were collected again. The obtained data were analyse by SPSS software at the significant level of α=0.05 with using t test.

Results There were 408 elderly participants (intervention n=212, control n=196) who participated in both baseline and post-intervention surveys. 221 (54.12%) were male and 187 female (45.8%). The mean age of participants was 71.3 years (SD=9.9) and the majority were in the age range 60–65 years (31.8%). Many of the respondents were illiterate (43.9%). The mean score of all parts of healthy lifestyles in experimental group increased significantly following the educational intervention. The older peoples mean knowledge grade increased from 28.6 (SD=7.4) to 35.9 (SD=6.8) (p<0.001) following the education.

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