Background To study connection of arterial hypertension (AH) with psychosocial factors (PF) at men in the age of 25–64 years in Russia.
Materials and Methods A random representative sample of males (a total of 2149 individuals) aged 25–64 years from the city Novosibirsk was examined (screening of the WHO “MONICA-psychosocial” program (“MOPSY”), 1984, 1988, 1994 yr.). Depression (D), vital exhaustion (VE), hostility (H), sleep disturbance; test Berkman-Syme (social support—index of close contacts (ICC), index of social connections (SNI)); Spilberger's test for estimation personal anxiety (PA) were used. For AH accepted the arterial pressure >140/90 mm Hg.
Results Determined, that persons with AH have tendencies: (1) in higher parameters of “average”, “bad” sleep; (2) in lower values of indexes of social support—(a low ICC with AH—65.1%, p<0.01) and SNI (low SNI with AH—45.1%, p<0.05) (3) in increase of a parameter of PA (with AH—52.3%, p<0.05). Authentic connection AH is precisely determined with: (1) education, achieving a maximum of distinctions at an initial education (initial: with AH—25.1%, p<0.05) (2) an professional level (working trades—10.7% p<0.001) (3) with VE (a high level of VE: with AH—16.6%, p<0.05) (4) with D (with AH—55.3%, p<0.05). In too time at hostility of distinctions between groups it is not determined.
Conclusion Received results testify to interrelation AH in a population with psychosocial factors and once again emphasise importance of their correction.