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Epidemiology and policy
SP3-6 Adolescent sexual behaviour and HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia: epidemiological perspectives
  1. A S Susuman
  1. University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa

Abstract

Introduction Adolescents will be the influential force behind economic prosperity in the future of Ethiopia. Ethiopian adolescent communities today face many health-related challenges, and their lives vary considerably from those of their parents, grandparents and other relatives. A number of behaviours lead to increased risk of getting HIV/AIDS, in particular unprotected sexual intercourse and multiple sexual partners.

Methods and Materials Drawing on data from the Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2005, this study focused on the latest information about Ethiopian's adolescent people, age 15–24. The DHS collected data from more than 10 000 women and men nationwide including 5813 females and 2399 males in the age group 15–24 years. Regression modes were developed separately for males aged 15–24 years and females aged 15–24 years.

Results Fertility and mortality rates fell, but were still subject to short-term variation. Average mortality was 8.2 per 1000 person years, consistent with AIDS-related deaths.

Conclusion A new local hospital in 2005 may have contributed to falls in overall illness. Adolescent sexual behaviour and HIV/AIDS remains a challenge and an area for healthcare providers to focus on. The Ethiopian adolescent population has undergone complex changes during a single generation. This research is designed to help program managers, community leaders and organisations working with adolescence to understand some of the epidemiological challenges.

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