Background Prevalence of postnatal depression (PND) is 12%–15%. Recent studies are equivocal about the earlier inference that PND is higher among cesarean than normal delivery.
Objective The aim of this study is to investigate the frequency of PND among the Indian women and the association between the mode of delivery and PND.
Material and Method Fifty subjects each; having delivered normally and by cesarean section was chosen. All the women were within 3 months post delivery and could understand Kannada language. Those who consented were asked to complete the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Those found to have scores suggestive of depression on EPDS were assessed for depression according to ICD-10. The data were analysed using paired t test and χ2 test.
Conclusion Among Post caesarean subjects, depression was diagnosed in 20% (n=10) as compared to 16% in subjects that delivered normally. However there was no significant difference in the frequency of depression among the two groups. Due to the small sample size the results cannot be generalised.
- Cesarean delivery
- postnatal depression
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