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Global problems
P2-458 A descriptive study on the tuberculosis in Mongolia
  1. O Nandinerdene,
  2. D Davaalkham
  1. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Health Sciences University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Abstract

Introduction Tuberculosis (TB) is highly prevalent in Mongolia, where approximately 4000 TB cases reported each year. The goal of this study is to determine the incidence of tuberculosis particularly MDR-TB cases registered in Mongolia.

Methods A descriptive method was used to study the incidence of MDR-TB reported in Mongolia. The information including age, gender, date of diagnosis, type of drug resistance, treatment outcomes were taken from national report.

Results Since the first diagnosis of MDR-TB in Mongolia, a total of 419 MDR-TB cases or 1.6 per cases per 10 000 population were registered to date, which indicates the increasing tendency in the recent years. Average age (±SD) of 419 MDR-TB cases was 32.3±10.9, and 245 (58.5%) were males. The highest MDR-TB morbidity reported in Selenge, Darhan-Uul, Dornod provinces. More than 60% of all MDR-TB cases were reported in Ulaanbaatar city. One hundred seventy nine (42.7%) patients out of all confirmed MDR-TB cases are enrolled in treatment, 133 (31.7%) are died prior to start treatment, 5 (1.2%) are treated in non NTP units, 3 (0.7%) are refused to receive MDR-TB treatment, 99 (23.6% patients are in waiting list. The deaths are highly reported (61.8%) since 2003 while the management of MDR-TB cases was in beginning stage and Second-line drugs was not procured.

Conclusion Incidences of tuberculosis as well as MDR-TB have been increasing during the last years in Mongolia so that early diagnosis and proper management is urgently required in this regard.

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