Introduction Leisure Physical Activity (LPA) is an important health determinant. Alarming rates of sedentarism are observed in world's population.
Objective To investigate the influence of Social Support for Physical Activity (PASS) and individual factors on the LPA levels in adults of a large urban center.
Methods Household survey was carried out with 4048 adults. Demographic, social determinants and health information were collected. The LPA levels were categorised into inactive, insufficiently active and active, according to the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. The PASS scale was constructed using three indicators: PASS neighbourhood, encouragement and commitments from friends and family, with responses ranging from “no” to “high support”. Associations between LPA levels and PASS were investigated using multivariate ordinal logistic model.
Results Our study consisted of 3453 adults aged 18–69 yo (1595 men; 1858 women); 59.9% (n=2171) were classified into inactive, 23.3% (n=727) insufficiently active, and 16.8% (n=555) sufficiently active. Participants were more likely to be male (OR=1.53), no partners (OR=1.30), education level higher than nine years (OR=1.97), and highest family income (≥5 minimum wage) (OR=1.76), were more likely to be in a better level of LPA. Moreover, those participants no PASS were more likely to be in a worse LPA levels than those with highest PASS (low:OR=1.80; medium:OR=2.51; high:OR=2.73).
Conclusion Participants with highest PASS were more likely to achieve the current recommendation for LPA (≥ 150 min/week). Social Support may be an important aspect for Physical Activity interventions and some encouragement from family and friends may have a positive impact in the behaviours changes.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.