Introduction We aimed to describe the current HIV/AIDS situation, sexual behaviours, access to care and survival time in the six main hill-tribe people in Thailand; Akha, Lahu, Karean, Mong, Yao, and Lisaw This is where much of the epidemic of HIV/AIDS in Thailand occurs.
Materials and Methods Using a retrospective cohort study design we systematically extracted data from the medical records of hill-tribe HIV/AIDS patients from a total of 37 hospitals. We also studied risk factors by administering a questionnaire delivered by fact-to-fact interview. The questionnaires had been tested for validity and reliability. Statistic analyses were contribute by Survival Analysis and Cox-Regression
Results A total of 608 cases came from 37 hospitals. Only 581 cases were included in the analysis. 64.9% of cases were female, 39.6% aged 26–35 years at diagnosis, 94% infected from their spouse, 22.6% were infected by sexual intercourse and 6.2% by IDU. 48.9% received ARV and 47.1% received OI drug. Survival analysis found that those who received ARV had a 50% survival time of 12.4 years (p<0.001) and those who received OI had a 50% survival time of 6.0 years (p<0.001). Cox-Regression showed that having receiving ARV, OI, female sex, religion were factors favouring improved survival time. In addition, among men: 19% gave a history of IDU, 63% had their first sexual experience below age 20 years, 23% had 2 or more partners, and 27% reported using condoms. Among females: 10% had work as masseuses, and 3% as sex workers.
Conclusions This study shows that a given our knowledge of HIV/AIDS there is scope for peer education among hill-tribe people, especially with regard to promoting condom use.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.