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Chronic disease
P2-108 Trends in mortality from breast and cervical cancer in the Brazilian capital cities, 1996–2007
  1. R Guimarães1,
  2. C Muzi2,
  3. A Ayres3,
  4. M Ribeiro4,
  5. C Chagas4,
  6. J Capilupi4,
  7. P Salles4,
  8. Z Melo4,
  9. M Matos4
  1. 1Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Institute of Studies in Public Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  2. 2National Cancer Institute, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  3. 3Gaffrée Guinle University Hospital, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  4. 4Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Abstract

Objective To analyse the trend in mortality from breast cancer and cervical cancer in Brazilian capitals from 1996 to 2007.

Materials and Methods We calculated mortality rates for breast cancer and cervical cancer in Brazilian capital cities from 1996 to 2007, standardised for the Brazilian population and for the world's population. Trend analysis was performed using the polynomial regression model.

Results Cancer of the cervix showed a considerable reduction in mortality rate in most capital cities, although in some cities the rate rose. Breast cancer mortality remained high in most of the capital cities. Trends were predominantly linear.

Conclusion It may be that mortality from cancer of the cervix may be failing due to increased adherence with Pap smear screening. The high breast cancer mortality rates may relate to its associations with habits, lifestyles and culture.

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