Introduction The morbidity of metabolic syndrome (MS), which is composed of several interrelated metabolic risk factors, increases as the obesity increases. It is a condition of multiple metabolic risk factors which share the common etiopathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes.
Methods The study was cross-sectional, and the study sample consisted of 961 participants above the age of 15 living in the households which were selected by 1/200 systematic random sampling method between 2000 and 2004. A questionnaire was administered to the participants, and blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride and lipoprotein levels were measured, and body mass indexes of the participants were calculated. For the definition of metabolic syndrome, the WHO's criterias were used. The test of χ2 and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used in statistical analyses. The differences were considered to be statistically significant at p<0.05.
Results The MS prevalence was found to be 13.5%, and it changed significantly according to age, marital status, educational level, and job. Smoking, systolic and diastolic hypertension, elevated total cholesterol, LDL, and VLDL, caused the prevalence to increase significantly. According to the results of multivariate logistic regression analyses, the age above ≥45, total cholesterol HDL ratio above 5, the elevated total cholesterol, VLDL, and blood pressure were found to be the determinants of MS.
Conclusion To control metabolic syndrome, the implementation of prevention programmes including healthy life style such as encouraging healthy nutrition, physical activity, and control of blood pressure should be achieved.
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