Introduction Housing-led regeneration has been shown to have limited effects on mental health. Considering neighbourhoods as a psychosocial environment, regeneration may have greater impact on mental well-being than mental ill-health. This study examined the relationship between the well-being of residents living in deprived areas and aspects of housing, neighbourhoods and communities.
Methods A cross-sectional study of 3911 residents in 15 deprived areas in Glasgow, Scotland. Mental well-being was measured using the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale.
Results Using multivariate analysis and controlling for socio-demographic characteristics and physical health status, we found that residential and environmental aspects of people's houses and neighbourhoods were strongly associated with well-being: when respondents considered that their neighbourhood had very good aesthetic qualities (RR 3.3, 95% CI 1.9 to 5.8), their home and neighbourhood represented personal progress (RR 3.2 95% CI 2.2 to 4.8; RR 2.6, 95% CI 1.8 to 3.7, respectively), they perceived their residence to have a very good external appearance (RR 2.6, 95% CI 1.3 to 5.1); a very good front door (both an aesthetic and a security/control item) (RR 2.1, 95% CI 1.2 to 3.8), and satisfaction with their landlord was very high (RR 2.3, 95% CI 2.2 to 4.8). Perception of poor neighbourhood aesthetic quality was associated with lower well-being (RR 0.4, 95% CI 0.3 to 0.5).
Discussion This study has found that where we live matters for mental well-being. In particular, it appears that positive residential circumstances may influence how we feel about ourselves and our view of our position in society, with beneficial consequences for well-being.
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