This publication was made possible by Grant Number 1 R01 TW007927-01 from the Fogarty International Center, the National Cancer Institute, and the National Institutes on Drug Abuse, within the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official view of the NIH.
Introduction The relationship between the environmental tobacco smoke exposure and the increased risk of illness and death from a wide range of diseases is well-known. The aim of this study was to assess the connection between gender and home smoking restrictions.
Methods The first wave of a quantitative longitudinal study was delivered in 2009. A sample of individuals (n=2250) aged 16–70 years completed a self-administered questionnaire (response rate =57.4%). Logistic regression models were applied to reveal the predictors of having a smoke-free home in smokers and non-smokers.
Results Nearly two-third of people (34.9% of smokers and 71.4% of non-smokers) lived in homes where smoking was totally restricted. The predictors of having a smoke-free home were gender (female: OR=1.60; p<0.0001) and education (medium: OR=1.73; high: OR=1.96; p<0.001) among non-smokers; while education (medium: OR=1.81; high: OR=1.3.20; p<0.001) and living in the rural area (OR=1.91; p<0.0001) in smokers.
Conclusion Home smoking restrictions were associated with gender and education among non-smokers, with education and living place among smokers. The results showed that greater attention must be placed on non-smoker males, on smokers living in urban areas, and in general on low educated people to improve tobacco control in Hungary.
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