Background and objective Drowning is a neglected serious public health problem in the northern provinces of Iran. Since the first step for health program planning in each community health is the priority setting, in this study, the epidemiological pattern was reviewed and burden of drowning was calculated.
Methods This study used data on death registration system and deaths due to drowning disruption in two provinces of Mazandaran and Gilan happened in 2008 were addressed. Initially with the help of descriptive statistics to describe characteristics of drowning, using the standard WHO forms the burden of drowning was calculated.
Results During 2008, 158 indigenous people from the provinces died from drowning. Of these 140 cases (88.6%) were male and 18 patients (11.4%) were female. The mean age of the drowned was 26.4 (SD=16.2) years. The drowning death rate was 2.9 per 100 000 population in two provinces. In examining place and time, most cases (85.4%) occurred in summer, the month of August (29.7%). Number of years lost was 4110 equivalent of 76.1 per 100 000 respectively. Most disabled age lost life years (DALYs) was seen to age group 10–19 years.
Conclusion With regard to the issue that most drowned in the sea and occurred in the summer time and the highest number of DALYs was in the age group 10 to 19 years, these findings need to be considered for prevention strategies in these provinces.