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Epidemiology and policy
P1-129 The importance of reproductive health and HIV/AIDS education program for young people in Papua and West Papua Provinces, Indonesia
  1. W Diarsvitri1,2,
  2. I Dwisetyani1
  1. 1Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine, Hang Tuah University, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia
  2. 2Australian Demographic and Social Research Institute, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia

Abstract

Introduction Papua and West Papua Provinces have the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence in Indonesia. In 2009, 94.4% HIV/AIDS cases in Papua Province were transmitted through heterosexual intercourse and the cases among 15–19 years age group were in the fourth rank. A study in 2007 revealed 46.9% Junior High School students had misconception on HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention. These features motivated the author to carry out the 2009 Reducing the Risk of HIV/AIDS: Intervention Trial for Young Papuans Study. The aim of this study was to evaluate of the reproductive health and HIV/AIDS education program in changing young people's knowledge, attitudes and behaviour intention associated with HIV/AIDS and sexuality.

Materials and Methods Sixteen senior high schools were randomly selected to either receive the program or to act as a control group. Students of Year 11 from the selected schools (n=1082) took a pre-intervention test and 2 months later, a post-intervention test. Changes in knowledge, attitude and behavioural intentions between the two groups were compared using a mixed model.

Results Findings showed that the intervention was associated with 0.11 points higher knowledge (95% CI 0.08 to 0.12), 0.13 points higher attitude (95% CI 0.09 to 0.22) and 0.18 points higher behavioural intentions (95% CI 0.11 to 0.33) after adjusting for age, gender, previous sexual experience, ethnicity and pre test mean score.

Conclusions Our reproductive health and HIV/AIDS education program was effective in changing knowledge, attitude and behavioural intentions of students. It is important to promote its inclusion in the school curricula.

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