Introduction Papua and West Papua Provinces have the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence in Indonesia. In 2009, 94.4% HIV/AIDS cases in Papua Province were transmitted through heterosexual intercourse and the cases among 15–19 years age group were in the fourth rank. A study in 2007 revealed 46.9% Junior High School students had misconception on HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention. These features motivated the author to carry out the 2009 Reducing the Risk of HIV/AIDS: Intervention Trial for Young Papuans Study. The aim of this study was to evaluate of the reproductive health and HIV/AIDS education program in changing young people's knowledge, attitudes and behaviour intention associated with HIV/AIDS and sexuality.
Materials and Methods Sixteen senior high schools were randomly selected to either receive the program or to act as a control group. Students of Year 11 from the selected schools (n=1082) took a pre-intervention test and 2 months later, a post-intervention test. Changes in knowledge, attitude and behavioural intentions between the two groups were compared using a mixed model.
Results Findings showed that the intervention was associated with 0.11 points higher knowledge (95% CI 0.08 to 0.12), 0.13 points higher attitude (95% CI 0.09 to 0.22) and 0.18 points higher behavioural intentions (95% CI 0.11 to 0.33) after adjusting for age, gender, previous sexual experience, ethnicity and pre test mean score.
Conclusions Our reproductive health and HIV/AIDS education program was effective in changing knowledge, attitude and behavioural intentions of students. It is important to promote its inclusion in the school curricula.