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Medium-term effects of Italian smoke-free legislation: findings from four annual population-based surveys
  1. I Tramacere1,
  2. S Gallus1,
  3. E Fernandez2,3,
  4. P Zuccaro4,
  5. P Colombo5,
  6. C La Vecchia1,6
  1. 1
    Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche “Mario Negri”, Milan, Italy
  2. 2
    Cancer Prevention & Control Unit, Institut Català d’Oncologia-IDIBELL, Barcelona, Spain
  3. 3
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Campus de Bellvitge, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
  4. 4
    Dipartimento del Farmaco, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy
  5. 5
    Istituto DOXA, Gallup International Association, Milan, Italy
  6. 6
    Istituto di Statistica Medica e Biometria “G.A. Maccacaro”, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy
  1. Dr S Gallus, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche “Mario Negri”, Via Giuseppe La Masa 19, 20156, Milan, Italy; gallus{at}marionegri.it

Abstract

Background: Italy was the first large country to ban smoking in all indoor public places, including restaurants and bars. The aim of this study was to quantify, 3 years after the law came into force, the effects of the smoking ban in terms of observance of the legislation and change of habits.

Methods: Data were considered from four representative surveys on smoking, conducted between 2005 and 2008 on a total of 12 245 individuals (5906 men and 6339 women) aged 15 years or over.

Results: In 2008, more than 80% of Italians (more than 90% in northern Italy) had the perception that the smoking ban was respected in bars/cafes and restaurants, despite a slight reduction since 2005. In all the surveys combined, 75% of the Italian population reported that the smoking ban was respected in workplaces. Overall, approximately 10% of Italians reported that, after the implementation of the tobacco regulation, they went to bars/cafes and restaurants more frequently, and approximately 7% less frequently, than before.

Conclusion: The study shows that in Italy the smoke-free legislation did not affect the business of restaurants and bars, and remains widely respected 3 years after the law came into force.

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests: None declared.

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