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Prevalence of sexually transmitted disease syndromes in tribal population of central India
  1. V G Rao,
  2. A Anvikar,
  3. D Savargaonkar,
  4. J Bhat,
  5. R Yadav,
  6. B K Tiwary,
  7. A Abbad
  1. Regional Medical Research Centre for Tribals (Indian Council of Medical Research), Nagpur Road, Jabalpur, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr V G Rao, Deputy Director, Regional Medical Research Centre for Tribals, (Indian Council of Medical Research), Nagpur Road, PO Garha, Jabalpur – 482 003 (Madhya Pradesh), India; drvgrao{at}rediffmail.com

Abstract

Background: A syndromic approach has been advocated for identification and management of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in countries where diagnostic laboratory tests are not consistently available. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted to discover the prevalence of STD syndromes in tribal population of central India.

Methods: All married men and women in the age group of 15–49 years from selected villages were enumerated by house-to-house visit. Individuals were interviewed using pre-coded, pre-tested questionnaires about STD syndromes of urethral discharge, vaginal discharge, dysurea, genital ulcer, inguinal swelling, scrotal swelling and lower abdominal pain.

Results: Of the 2568 individuals interviewed, 326 (12.7%) had at least one STD syndrome. The prevalence was almost double in women (17.6%) than in men (8.4%). The highest prevalence (16.2%) was observed in the age group 30–34 years followed by 35–39 years (14.7%). The commonest syndrome in women was vaginal discharge (16.0%) while in men the commonest syndrome was dysurea (1.8%).

Conclusion: The low level of STD syndromes among tribal populations offers an opportunity to prevent a potential epidemic in this disadvantaged community. As no baseline data are available, the findings form the basis for future work in this area.

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Footnotes

  • Funding This work was supported by financial grant from the Indian Council of Medical Research under Tribal Sub Plan.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Ethics approval The ethics committee of RMRCT approved the study.

  • Provenance and Peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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