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ECONOMIC COST OF VISION LOSS IN AUSTRALIA

Even a developed country such as Australia cannot afford avoidable vision loss among its population. The direct financial healthcare costs for all disorders of the eye in Australia in 2004 were estimated to be $A1824.4 million (£762 million, €1094 million) with cataract accounting for 18% of expenditure. The real indirect financial costs of visual impairment are estimated to be $A3.2 billion. If those people with visual impairment were employed, the workforce would grow by an extra 45 443, generating $A1781 million in additional income, assuming average earnings. (

OBESITY AND MORTALITY IN MEN IN LONDON

Men who are overweight or obese are likely to die earlier than those of normal weight. Overweight and obese men also incur a modest increaed risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) but not for stroke. In the original Whitehall study in the late 1960s on 18 403 London based middle aged male government employees, data were collected about smoking habits, chronic bronchitis, marital status, physical activity, unexplained weight loss, heart problems or high blood …

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