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J Epidemiol Community Health 56:450-454 doi:10.1136/jech.56.6.450
  • Research report

Effects of chronic job insecurity and change in job security on self reported health, minor psychiatric morbidity, physiological measures, and health related behaviours in British civil servants: the Whitehall II study

Table 1

Age standardised means and percentages (standard error) for morbidity and cardiovascular risk factors at follow-up (Phase 5) by job security status

Women Continued security Mean or % (SE) (n=435) Insecure to secure Mean or % (SE) (n=194) Secure to insecure Mean or % (SE) (n=116) Chronic insecurity Mean or % (SE) (n=173)
Self rated health fair or poor (%) 11.4 (2.0) 11.9 (2.5) 15.3 (2.7) 22.6 (3.7)
Longstanding illness (%) 47.0 (3.2) 50.9 (4.4) 47.5 (5.2) 53.1 (4.8)
GHQ (30) score 2.82 (0.32) 3.23 (0.34) 3.86 (0.46) 6.74 (0.94)
Depression score 0.98 (0.12) 1.20 (0.14) 1.02 (0.14) 1.84 (0.28)
Cholesterol mmol/l 5.88 (0.07) 6.09 (0.08) 5.80 (0.13) 5.87 (0.12)
Systolic blood pressure mm Hg 121.6 (1.2) 121.9 (1.7) 124.9 (3.1) 116.4 (1.7)
Diastolic blood pressure mm Hg 75.5 (0.6) 75.7 (1.0) 77.3 (1.4) 73.2 (0.9)
Body mass index kg/m2 26.5 (0.4) 27.6 (0.6) 26.4 (0.5) 25.6 (0.5)
Alcohol ≥15 units/week (%) 15.5 (2.0) 13.2 (2.5) 10.9 (4.4) 18.3 (3.7)
10.4 (1.9) 14.1 (3.4) 9.4 (2.3) 20.8 (4.4)
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Men (n=1261) (n=556) (n=209) (n=373)
Self rated health fair or poor (%) 8.4 (1.2) 13.1 (2.9) 16.0 (3.2) 20.4 (3.5)
Longstanding illness (%) 45.2 (2.1) 48.1 (3.7) 45.0 (4.2) 51.4 (4.3)
GHQ (30) score 2.02 (0.16) 3.21 (0.42) 3.27 (0.37) 5.05 (0.55)
Depression score 0.62 (0.05) 1.11 (0.16) 1.21 (0.13) 1.56 (0.16)
Cholesterol mmol/l 5.92 (0.04) 5.93 (0.07) 5.82 (0.08) 5.90 (0.10)
Systolic blood pressure mm Hg 123.0 (0.6) 123.8 (1.1) 122.3 (1.4) 122.5 (1.3)
Diastolic blood pressure mm Hg 78.3 (0.4) 78.1 (0.8) 77.8 (0.9) 79.1 (0.9)
Body mass index kg/m2 26.1 (0.1) 26.2 (0.2) 26.0 (0.3) 26.9 (0.4)
Alcohol ≥22 units/week (%) 28.5 (1.9) 31.0 (3.5) 32.3 (3.8) 30.4 (4.1)
Smoking (%) 8.7 (1.1) 10.9 (2.5) 6.6 (1.9) 10.2 (2.3)

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