Article Text

PDF

Relation between attempted suicide and suicide rates among young people in Europe.
  1. K Hawton,
  2. E Arensman,
  3. D Wasserman,
  4. A Hultén,
  5. U Bille-Brahe,
  6. T Bjerke,
  7. P Crepet,
  8. E Deisenhammer,
  9. A Kerkhof,
  10. D De Leo,
  11. K Michel,
  12. A Ostamo,
  13. A Philippe,
  14. I Querejeta,
  15. E Salander-Renberg,
  16. A Schmidtke,
  17. B Temesváry
  1. University Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom.

    Abstract

    STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are associations between rates of suicide and attempted suicide in 15-24 year olds in different countries in Europe. DESIGN: Attempted suicide rates were based on data collected in centres in Europe between 1989 and 1992 as part of the WHO/EURO Multicentre Study of Parasuicide. Comparison was made with both national suicide rates and local suicide rates for the areas in which the attempted suicide monitoring centres are based. SETTING: 15 centres in 13 European countries. PATIENTS: Young people aged 15-24 years who had taken overdoses or deliberately injured themselves and been identified in health care facilities. MAIN RESULTS: There were positive correlations (Spearman rank order) between rates of attempted suicide and suicide rates in both sexes. The correlations only reached statistical significance for male subjects: regional suicide rates, r = 0.65, p < 0.02; national suicide rates, r = 0.55, p < 0.02. CONCLUSIONS: Rates of attempted suicide and suicide in the young covary. The recent increase in attempted suicide rates in young male subjects in several European countries could herald a further increase in suicide rates.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.