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Do inaccuracies in small area deprivation analyses matter?
  1. R Reading,
  2. S Openshaw
  1. Department of Community Paediatrics, Northumberland Health Authority.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE--To assess the accuracy of computerised matching of postcode to enumeration district (ED) and to determine whether any mismatching reduces the validity of methods to distinguish socioeconomic differences in "small area" deprivation studies. DESIGN--Computerised and manual matching of postcodes to EDs were compared and the census based Townsend deprivation score was compared with socioeconomic data on individual families. SETTING--County of Northumberland, England, 1989. SUBJECTS--Random sample of 301 families with a child aged less than 15 months. MAIN RESULTS--With computerised matching only 47% of postcodes were matched to the correct ED. Eighty per cent of the deprivation scores of the computer matched EDs, however, approximated (+/- 2) to the deprivation score of the actual ED. When EDs were divided into quintiles according to the deprivation score, accurate manual matching showed that 75% of families in the most deprived EDs were classed as deprived compared with 4% in the most affluent EDs. With the inaccuracies introduced by computer matching of postcodes, the corresponding figures were 56% and 12% respectively. CONCLUSIONS--Computerised matching of postcodes to EDs is highly inaccurate, but this has little effect on the allocation of deprivation scores. The socioeconomic inequalities shown by the deprivation score are blunted, but not eradicated, by this mismatching.

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