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Screening infants for hearing loss--an economic evaluation.
  1. J Brown
  1. Department of Economics, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London, UK.

    Abstract

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to carry out an economic evaluation of the programme implemented in one district health authority for the screening of infants for hearing loss. DESIGN--The approach taken was a cost-effectiveness analysis using the methodology of decision analysis to model the options appraised: (1) the conventional screening policy was for a health visitor and colleague to screen at 8-9 months, and at 10 months for each child to be seen again by a clinical medical officer for a developmental assessment plus hearing screen if necessary; (2) the alternative policy was for screening to take place at 10 months only if concern is expressed (or if there is a clinical indication) at the developmental assessment; the introduction of a "clue list" was considered; (3) the third option was no screening. MAIN RESULTS--The annual expected cost per unit output was pounds 20.57 for the conventional screening policy, between pounds 11.13 and pounds 11.23 for the alternative policy, and pounds 11.27 for the third option of no screening. Introducing the "clue list" under the alternative screening policy is likely to raise the cost per unit output, but the effects are uncertain. CONCLUSIONS--The results suggest that the alternative screening policy is more cost-effective than the conventional policy, but has little advantage over not screening at all. The effects of introducing a clue list need further investigation.

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